Until now, the most used form for the treatment of varicose veins was the surgical method, but there are other types of interventions and treatments, many of which are minimally invasive and reduce possible complications, allowing an almost immediate recovery for the patient. , who can resume normal activities immediately after treatment.

According to the Spanish Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology (SEACV), these are the most widely used methods and surgeries to eliminate varicose veins:

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Venous tonics (phlebotonic): These are drugs that improve blood flow but are usually recommended together.

Sclerotherapy: It is usually done when the patient has small veins (<3mm), known as spider veins that normally only affect the aesthetic. It is performed without anesthesia and in this case, a sclerosing substance is injected which inflames the walls of the vein and allows the light to be obliterated.

Percutaneous Laser: This procedure is performed without anesthesia and is recommended to treat spider veins. The laser is very selective thanks to the hemoglobin, so its energy can be directed towards this “target” pigment. The light produced by the laser is absorbed by the blood vessels. Thanks to the heat that is generated, it is destroyed without damaging the tissues that surround it.

The endovenous laser: This laser is performed under local anesthesia. In this case, the professional places a small diameter fiber optic in the vein that is affected and the laser obstructs the vein that was affected.

Radiofrequency: It is performed by local anesthesia and the doctor introduces a catheter with an electrode in the vein that is affected. With heating the vein is obstructed.

Cryotherapy: This technique is performed under local anesthesia and varicose veins are removed through the cold thanks to a probe that is placed in the incisions.

Vascular surgery: must be performed in the operating room of an equipped hospital center. The most used procedure is saphenectomy (complete extirpation of large and small saphenous veins), while to eliminate the smaller varicose veins, phlebectomy is used. The postoperative recovery lasts between 4 and 5 days and the removal of the vein does not cause problems to the patient, since the deep venous and cutaneous circulation are sufficient to effectively drain the affected areas.