Varicose veins, also called varicose veins, are dilatations of veins under the skin that are visible to the naked eye and can appear in different parts of the body. The veins are no more than the blood vessels that carry blood through the tissues of the body, but when their functioning is altered, varicose veins are generated. Many people feel uncomfortable and embarrassed due to varicose veins and in some cases they can also cause pain. One in four people have varicose veins and although there is a belief that only affect women, statistics say that 35% are men.
In the first place, it is important to clarify that varicose veins are not only an aesthetic problem, but a real pathology of the circulatory system. In fact, the presence of visible varicose veins can also be a sign of an increased risk of serious circulatory diseases. In the case of severe varicosis, reference is made to chronic venous insufficiency.
The varicose veins are dilated due to an abnormal accumulation of blood produced by a weakness in the superficial vein walls and / or in the defective closing of the valves that regulate the venous return circulation. Therefore, a reflux is generated and the veins are stretched and dilated. They are recognizable by bluish or violet color, or they can be seen in relief under the skin.
In general, varicose veins are formed mainly in the legs, especially in the inner part of the thighs and calves, but they can also appear in the ankles and feet.
Varicose veins are classified in 4 stages or degrees according to their dilatation and involvement.
Symptoms of varicose veins or varicose veins may include:
• Sensation of tired or sore legs
• Swollen legs
• Itching in the area where varicose veins are found
• Increased pain if you spend a lot of time standing or sitting
• Cramps (especially at night)
Physical examination reveals veins with dilatation and thickening. As for the symptoms, they will depend on the degree of venous insufficiency suffered by the patient.